Vertical gardens are one of the most eye-catching and creative ways to combine nature with art.
They offer a way to bring greenery into urban environments, add colour and texture to blank walls, and provide a living canvas for gardeners and plant enthusiasts alike.
In this post, I will share my passion for vertical gardens as living art and explore their historical origins, design techniques, maintenance, and examples of inspiring greenwalls from around the world.
By the end of this post, you will have a greater appreciation for the unique beauty and benefits of vertical gardens, as well as the knowledge and inspiration to create your own living masterpiece.
Let’s dive right in!
Vertical gardens as living art have been used throughout history as a way to incorporate nature into human living spaces. In ancient times, the Babylonians created the Hanging Gardens, which were considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. These gardens featured large pillars covered in a variety of plants, including trees and vines.
Similarly, the Romans used vertical garden techniques to create the green walls of their villas and palaces. Plants such as ivy, grapes, and figs were trained to grow up walls and over arches to create lush, green spaces.
Vertical gardens have continued to be popular in modern times, particularly in cities where outdoor space is limited. In the 20th century, French artist Patrick Blanc developed the modern concept of the living wall, which uses hydroponics and other technologies to create vertical garden installations on the sides of buildings.
Today, vertical gardens can be seen in cities around the world, from the Bosco Verticale in Milan, to the Green Wall at the Musée du Quai Branly in Paris, to One Central Park in Sydney. These examples, among many others, showcase the beauty and functionality of vertical gardens as living art installations.
Vertical gardens are designed to be both aesthetically pleasing and functional garden spaces. Rather than being confined to a traditional garden bed, a vertical garden allows you to utilize vertical wall space to grow a variety of plants, herbs, and vegetables. By doing so, you can maximize your garden space, while also creating a stunning display of living art.
Not only do vertical gardens add to the visual appeal of your space, but they also offer a range of environmental and human health benefits. For one, they help to reduce the “heat island” effect in urban areas by absorbing heat energy from the sun. Additionally, they help to purify the air we breathe by removing toxins such as carbon dioxide and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Furthermore, studies have shown that simply being around plants can improve mood and reduce stress. This can have a significant impact on our overall health and well-being, particularly in urban areas where access to natural green space can be limited.
When designing your vertical garden, it’s important to consider both its function as a garden space and as a living art installation. The plants you choose should be visually appealing and complement your overall design scheme. At the same time, they should be well-suited to the conditions of your space, such as light levels and temperature.
When designing your vertical garden, keep in mind that it also needs to be functional as a garden space. This means considering practical elements such as irrigation, drainage, and access for maintenance. By taking these factors into account, you can create a vertical garden that is both beautiful and functional.
Vertical gardens have the ability to take on a life of their own, transforming from an ordinary space into an extraordinary masterpiece, blurring the lines between art, landscaping and architecture. As promised, here are some examples of inspiring vertical gardens from around the world:
The first on our list is the Bosco Verticale, a uniquely designed residential tower located in Milan, Italy. This building stands out in its neighborhood by its tall stature and its two 27- and 18-story structures are covered by over 900 trees which gives the building an illusion of a forest.
The Green Wall at the Musée du Quai Branly in Paris is another awe-inspiring example. This vertical garden was created in 2005 and reaches a height of 196 feet, with more than 15,000 individual plants of 150 different species, and was designed to simulate a cliff face of natural vegetation overlooking the city. The garden is stunning and is a tourist attraction of its own.
Gardens by the Bay in Singapore has turned a piece of land, which was once an open space, into a botanical wonderland consisting of 18 vertical gardens that range in height from 260 to 160 feet. These structures are home to thousands of plants, which help create a diverse microclimate within the gardens.
The One Central Park in Sydney, Australia, boasts the world’s tallest vertical garden. The majestic and towering presence of the vertical garden at the top of the building creates a stunning display as it stands visibly proud, showcasing over 38,000 plants covering an overall area of 1,120 square meters.
Pasona O2 office building in Tokyo is a creative office space that incorporates an urban farm inside its building. The building consists of two stacked oval ring-shaped spaces, one inside the other, that is covered with a façade of living trees and foliage.
Rain Curtain in Hyderabad, India is another fantastic example of how vertical gardens can be used as a means of preserving water in water-scarce areas. The structure has a unique capability to capture rainwater, which is then used to help grow plants all year round.
Outside In House in Palo Alto, California employs a surprising and unique way to join the interior of the house with nature. The vertical garden, located in the living area, creates a seamless transition from the inside layout of the home to a lush garden view outside.
Finally, the Laguna glade in Napa Valley, California takes vertical gardening to a whole new level. The vertical garden turned a concrete wall next to a pool into a lush green oasis, and even incorporates a waterfall!
By gazing at these awe-inspiring and innovative examples, we hope you are inspired to create your own visually stunning and lush vertical garden.
Creating a vertical garden may seem daunting, but there are actually many different techniques that can be used. One of the most popular methods is using a container or a series of containers mounted on a wall, connected with a drip irrigation system. These containers can be in any shape or size, and can be made of many different materials including plastic, metal, ceramic and even wood.
A second method is utilizing a modular system with planting cells or pots. With the use of these cells or pots, one can DIY a full garden by attaching the cells or pots to any surface such as steel or plastic. Use your creativity and you can mount those cells or pots to fences, walls, railings, brick backdrops among other things.
If you’re looking for an easy DIY project to create vertical gardens, you might also consider a pallet garden. You can easily pick up old pallets and convert them into a textured, colourful garden. After some tweaking and planting, a pallet garden is similar to planting any other container garden or hanging basket, except you grow it vertically.
Many plants are suitable for vertical gardens including herbs, succulents, ferns, trailing flowers, and vegetables. Some popular plants include pothos, ivy, spider plants and philodendrons. When choosing plants, consider the amount of sunlight, humidity and temperature they require, and also ensure that roots aren’t that bulbous.
When designing your own vertical garden, consider getting creative as vertical gardens are largely decorative in nature. You could make an alphabet garden for children, which includes plants with names starting with each letter of the alphabet. Also, think of the seasons and how you could transform your garden throughout the year. The most important thing to remember when designing your vertical garden is to have fun with it and enjoy the artistic expression your garden has to offer.
Maintaining your vertical garden is crucial for ensuring its longevity and continued beauty. Here are some important tips to keep in mind:
Watering: Regular watering is essential for keeping your vertical garden healthy. Make sure to water your plants thoroughly, especially during the hot summer months. Use a watering can with a long spout or a drip irrigation system to ensure that water reaches all levels of your garden.
Fertilization: Vertical gardens require adequate nourishment to thrive. You can either use organic or inorganic fertilizers or a combination of both to ensure your plants receive the nutrients they need to grow. Make sure not to over-fertilize as this can damage your plants.
Pruning: Pruning is important for keeping your vertical garden looking neat and tidy. Remove any dead or dying foliage and cut back any overgrown branches or stems. Pinch back plants regularly to promote bushy growth.
Pest Control: Regularly check your plants for pests and take appropriate measures immediately if you find any. You can use neem oil, insecticidal soaps, or other natural remedies to protect your plants from pests.
Soil Maintenance: Verticle gardens are planted in a relatively small amount of soil, which means that soil maintenance is important for keeping your plants healthy. Add organic matter such as compost or vermiculite regularly to ensure that soil doesn’t compact and that it retains water and nutrients.
Lighting: Adequate lighting is essential for plant growth. Make sure to position your garden in an area that receives adequate light for the plants you have chosen. If you are growing shade-loving plants, consider using artificial lighting to supplement natural light.
Remember, your vertical garden is a living art installation that requires care and attention to thrive. Regular maintenance is crucial for ensuring its longevity and continued beauty. Keep these tips in mind, and you’ll be able to enjoy your garden for years to come.
Urban areas are known to be deprived of large greenspaces, which disturbs the balance between the man-made infrastructure and nature. Whether you are living in an apartment or working in an office building, adding a vertical garden to any available vertical space is a great way to bring a refreshing feel of greenery into your living or working space. Research has shown that vertical gardens have many benefits such as improving air quality, reducing indoor temperature, and boosting mental health.
The benefits of vertical gardens, however, go beyond these individual gains. They may also play an important role in urban revitalization, green architecture, and sustainable living. By covering the walls of buildings with plants, we can create an attractive and sustainable environment that benefits both the inhabitants and the surrounding communities.
But as important as the role of vertical gardens in urban greening may be, the process of implementing a green wall in an urban area is not always easy. It involves dealing with various challenges and obstacles. For example, you need to consider the effects of urban pollution, the availability of sunlight and water, and the choice of plant species that can thrive in an urban environment.
Nevertheless, these challenges are worth tackling in light of the numerous benefits that come from greening urban cities. A green wall can help to reduce the urban heat island effect, increase property values, and create a sense of community pride. Furthermore, green walls can help to create a habitat for wildlife, reduce noise pollution, and improve the health and well-being of the inhabitants.
If you are interested in implementing a green wall in your living or work space, it is important to seek professional advice to ensure that the wall is well-designed and feasible. From choosing the appropriate plants and materials to assessing the structural integrity of the building and the firefighting system, there are several important considerations to be made.
But with a little bit of planning and effort, a vertical garden can transform not only your own space, but also the urban environment as a whole.
Creating your own vertical garden can be a fun and rewarding DIY project. There are many techniques to choose from, each with their own unique requirements and challenges, but they all involve creating a living wall or space using plants.
One important factor to consider when creating a vertical garden is the type of space you want to create. Are you looking for a small, compact space or do you want something larger and more expansive? The location and orientation of the wall will also impact the types of plants you can use and how much maintenance will be required.
To begin, choose a wall or space that is level and at least partially shaded, especially if you plan on using delicate or sensitive plants. Some popular locations for vertical gardens include patios, balconies, and outdoor spaces.
Next, choose the appropriate plant species for your wall. Plants that work well for vertical gardens include succulents, epiphytes, and ferns. It’s important to consider the amount of light and water the plants will receive, as well as their specific environmental needs.
When creating your vertical garden, be creative with the design and placement of your plants. You may want to try different plant combinations, textures, and colors to create an interesting and attractive display. You may also need to consider adding a watering system, such as a drip irrigation system, to ensure that your plants receive the proper amount of water.
Finally, remember to carefully monitor and maintain your vertical garden. Regular watering, pruning, and cleaning will help keep your plants healthy and vibrant. An important factor to consider is how you will dispose of the water runoff. Depending on your location and the drainage capabilities of your wall, you may need to install a drainage system to prevent water accumulation and damage.
With these tips and tricks in mind, you can create a beautiful and functional vertical garden that will enhance the beauty of your home or office space.
In conclusion, vertical gardens are a beautiful and functional addition to any home or urban environment.
They provide many benefits to the environment and human well-being, such as cleaner air, noise reduction, and stress relief.
From the famous Bosco Verticale in Milan to the Rain Curtain in Hyderabad, the examples provided in this post showcase the wide variety of designs and techniques used to create stunning living art installations.
But the possibilities don’t end here.
What are your thoughts on vertical gardens as living art?
Which inspiring example inspires you the most?
Let me know by sending me a message.
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Author: Scott Sanders
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